Why Study The Feasts Of Israel [God}
1. Part of the Scripture – Timothy 3:16 “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.”
2. Written for our learning – Romans 15:4 “For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.”
3. A shadow of things to come & They point to Christ – Colossians 2:16-17 “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.”
Anti-Semitism starts with a man!
One of the most eloquent of the early Church fathers, JOHN CHRYOSTOM (AD 344-407), whose name means “golden mouth,” uses strong language to denounce the Jews: “They sacrificed their sons and daughters to devils…They are the most worthless of all men…the Jews must live in servitude forever. God always hated the Jews. It is incumbent upon all Christians to hate the Jews.”
The story of Purim is told in the Biblical book of Esther. The heroes of the story are Esther, a beautiful young Jewish woman living in Persia, and her cousin Mordecai, who raised her as if she were his daughter.
I. King Ahasuerus
a. Powerful – Esther 1:1
b. Queen Vashtithe – Esther 1:9
c. Harem – Esther 1:9
d. Called for his Queen – Esther 1:11
e. Queen Vashtithe says some other time – Esther 1:12
f. Decree – all women should know their part – Esther 1:19
g. King gathers all the lookers throughout his Kingdom – Esther 2:1
a. Brings Esther to the King – Esther 2:7
b. Commands Esther to NOT reveal that she is a JEW – Esther 2:10
c. King Ahasuerus favors Esther and makes her Queen – Esther 2:17
III. Haman (customary to boo or hiss at the mention of his name)
a. The villain of the story is Haman, an arrogant, egotistical advisor to the king. Haman hated Mordecai because Mordecai refused to bow down to Haman, so Haman plotted to destroy the Jewish people. In a speech that is all too familiar to Jews, Haman told the king, "There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your realm. Their laws are different from those of every other people's, and they do not observe the king's laws; therefore it is not befitting the king to tolerate them." Esther 3:8. The king gave the fate of the Jewish people to Haman, to do as he pleased to them. Haman planned to exterminate all of the Jews.
From our TEXT we see that Mordecai persuaded Esther to speak to the king on behalf of the Jewish people. This was a dangerous thing for Esther to do, because anyone who came into the king's presence without being summoned could be put to death, and she had not been summoned. Esther fasted for three days to prepare herself, then went into the king. He welcomed her. Later, she told him of Haman's plot against her people. The Jewish people were saved, and Haman was hanged on the gallows that had been prepared for Mordecai.
SOME NOT SO OBVIOUS THINGS
1. The book of Esther is unusual in that it is the only book of the Bible that does not contain the name of God. In fact, it includes virtually no reference to God. Mordecai makes a vague reference to the fact that the Jews will be saved by someone else, if not by Esther, but that is the closest the book comes to mentioning God. Thus, one important message that can be gained from the story is that God often works in ways that are not apparent, in ways that appear to be chance, coincidence or ordinary good luck. GOD IS IN CONTROL!
Romans 8:28 KJV “And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.”
2. The holiday is called Purim because Haman had thrown lots ("purim") to determine when he should commence the execution of his plot of genocide against the Jewish people. – Esther 3:7, 9:26
YOM KIPPUR – Lots over two goats [Leviticus 16:8]
Jonah was cast out of the boat and into his destiny by lots [Jonah 1:7]
I’m not sure what Haman’s motive was but I’m quite sure it wasn’t a good one.
Maybe Haman remember Moses died in the month of Adar but what he forgot was the month of Adar was also the month recorded as Moses birth. What Haman perceived as a sign of doom was actually a sign of deliverance.
3. Vengeance is mine saith the Lord ….Duet 32:35……remember …. We don’t have to do God’s part … We just have to do our part
Esther did her part …. She went before the King…..God did His part
On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.
(Esther 6:1 KJV)
Messiah in Purim
This was one of many episodes in God’s dealings with His people. The Jews were saved physically at this point in their history. The time of their full salvation and the complete fulfillment of God’s prophecies given to Abraham was drawing nigh. It happened five hundred years later with the coming of adon Yeshua HaMashiach (the Lord Jesus, the Messiah). He was the greater Mordecai. Condemned to die for His people, Jesus the Messiah became the supreme sacrifice of atonement for the sins of Jew and Gentile alike. In Him were truly fulfilled the prophecies of old, "…All the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him" (Genesis 18:18). Today we see millions of people in all parts of the earth who have received these blessings through Abraham’s seed, the Messiah, flesh of our flesh and bone of our bone (Frydland 1996).
Mordecai and Esther knew for certain that Haman’s decree was not an accident of history, but a consequence of failings within the Jewish people. That is why Mordecai’s response was "[He] clothed himself in sackcloth and ashes and went out into the midst of the City." He turned to repentance, and urged the rest of the Jews to do likewise. Only then did he send Esther "to come to the King and entreat him and plead with him for her people." Esther was also repentant. She asked Mordecai to "Go and gather all the Jews . . . and they should fast for me, and neither eat nor drink for three days and nights." In addition, Esther included herself: "I also . . . will fast likewise." Just as the Jews were rescued, we are redeemed by our Righteous Messiah. True and complete redemption lies in our own hands, as we must turn to God in complete repentance.
1.) The picture of the three-day resurrection is shown. Esther fasted for three days, and on the third day she arose to go before the king.
2.) The story of Esther is a depiction of a Christian’s walk in a new life. Exposing Haman is symbolic of exposing sin. The new decree triumphs. The old decree symbolizes Jesus triumphing over the law of sin and death. Once Haman (sin, flesh) was put to death, Mordecai (Holy Spirit) is given unlimited command.
3.) The Jews were again delivered on the seventeenth of Nisan—Firstfruits—the same day that deliverance for the Israelites in Egypt began, and the same day Jesus arose!